Maryland Fire Prevention Code

COMAR 12.03.01 and 12.03.02

The purpose and intent of this CODE is to establish minimum requirements that will provide a reasonable degree of fire prevention and control to safeguard life, property or public welfare from the hazards of fire and explosion arising from the storage, handling or use of substances, materials or devices and from conditions hazardous to life, property or public welfare in use or occupancy of buildings, structures, sheds, tents, lots or premises.

This CODE, updated in January 2007, adopts by incorporation by reference the NFPA 1, National Fire Prevention Code.  This same CODE adopted by incorporation b y reference NFPA 101, the Life Safety Code, and other 20 other NFPA standards. 

The provisions of this code generally apply to all buildings and/or renovations of buildings, with the exception of one and two-family dwellings as they are exempt under State Law Article 38A.  This code in some cases may apply to existing buildings or conditions if the building or condition within the building has been determined to constitute a distinct hazard adverse to life, property, public welfare or safety as to require correction. 

The Maryland State Fire Marshal or his legally appointed designee may make a determination of the applicability of this code to any existing building or condition in it, subject to the right of appeal to the State Fire Prevention Commission.

The provisions of this code do not apply in the City of Baltimore except on state owned/operated buildings/facilities under the authority of the State Fire Marshal.

Enforcement of this code is the responsibility of the Maryland State Fire Marshal or legally appointed designated fire official of a county or municipal corporation of the State of Maryland or other person appointed by the State Fire Marshal.

When a difference of conflict of requirements between this code and the standards adopted by incorporation by reference by this code, the Maryland State Fire Marshal or legally appointed designee shall resolve the differences or conflicts in the requirements.  This action is referred to through out the Code system as the Authority Having Jurisdiction.